Quantitative research techniques used in sociology

Data Collection Techniques

In doing so, I have provided the groundwork from which future researchers can provide even better explanations, using more sophisticated research techniques. Qualitative Research Qualitative Research is primarily exploratory research. While the latter conducted independent tests to see if they could replicate the findings of the University of Utah scientists they could notcultural anthropologists organized a plenary session in an attempt to get the AAA to publicly condemn sociobiology as racist.

When using pre-existing statistical data gathered and made available by anyone other than yourself [e. In their initial attempts to get the people to tell them about coca, they received the same culturally approved answers from all the respondents.

Confidentiality and anonymity are two additional practices that ensure the safety of participants when sensitive information is provided e.

Our faculty are developing innovative methods for describing and investigating the temporal changes reflected in these data. Generally, quantitative methods are designed to provide summaries of data that support generalizations about the phenomenon under study.

Frequently, the interviewer asks the same questions of all the participants, but the order of the questions, the exact wording, and the type of follow-up questions may vary considerably. Indeed, this flexibility may mislead and even completely discourage new users.

For instance, research on children and youth always requires parental consent. Current events - sociological explanation or exploration, focus again on the sociology more than the event itself. In both cases, however, how this is done is very important as it should be done with enough precision that independent researchers should be able to use your description of your measurement or construction of categories, and repeat either or both.

Difference Between Qualitative and Quantitative Research

These methods of claiming to know certain things are referred to as epistemologies. In his book Focus Groups as Qualitative Research, Morgan discussed the applications of focus groups in social science qualitative research.

Researcher has a clearly defined research question to which objective answers are sought. Reproducibility of quantitative observations and replication of experiments is not a guarantee that they are correct or properly understood. One can make a comparable contrast between physics and natural philosophy, between ecology and natural history and between archaeology and biological anthropology on the one hand and cultural anthropology on the other.

Results from one approach can fill gaps in the other approach. Culture is a non-operational concept from which only non-measurable and non-testable causal relationships can be proposed.

A feminist in the forest: It is at this point that a simple yet noteworthy phrase should be introduced: Thus, while the true experiment is ideally suited for the performance of quantitative science, especially because it is the best quantitative method for deriving causal relationships, other methods of hypothesis testing are commonly employed in the social sciences, and qualitative methods of critique and analysis are utilized to fact check the assumptions and theories created upon the basis of "controlled" rather than natural circumstances.

It covers the following information: In fact, many cultural anthropologists openly reject the applicability of scientific research methods to cultural anthropology, arguing that they are inappropriate for examining most of the topics that are of interest to anthropologists.

Quantitative research can be exciting and highly informative.


It can be used to help explain all sorts of phenomena. The best quantitative research gathers precise empirical data and can be applied to gain a better understanding of several fields of study.

An introduction to research methods in Sociology covering quantitative, qualitative, primary and secondary data and defining the basic types of research method including social surveys, experiments, interviews, participant observation, ethnography and longitudinal studies.

Explore four methods for collecting qualitative research

Aug 13,  · Developing a Quantitative Research Plan: Choosing a Research Design - Duration: Sociology Research Methods: Crash Course Sociology #4 - Duration: The term explanatory research implies that the research in question is intended to explain, rather than simply to describe, the phenomena studied.

This type of research has had a contested history in qualitative inquiry, and divergent views of the. Sociology is also available as a single honours programme without quantitative research.

For details, see Sociology. Year abroad Our students have the opportunity to spend a year or a term abroad at one of our partner institutions in North America, Asia and Europe.

Sociology of Sport Journal. Sport History Review. Athletic Training, Therapy, and Rehabilitation Explore four methods for collecting qualitative research This is an excerpt from Research the focus group should be used in combination with other data-gathering techniques.


Quantitative research techniques used in sociology
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Qualitative Research Methods & Methodology